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ETYMOLOGY OF LOCAL NAMES,                                          BB9
sufficient importance to claim a separate entry in the Government rent-roll, it
is therein recorded as 2sa#la so-and-so, according to the name of the principal
man in it. On the spot, ^sagla Bali to take a particular case, is more com*
inonly called Bali ka nagara ; and after the lapse of a few generations^ if the
new colony prospers, it drops the Xagara altogether, and is known simply as
Ball The transmutation of the word naoara into Nagla and its conversion
from a suffix into a prefix are due solely to the proclivities of native revenue
officials, who affect the Persian collocation of words rather than the Hindi, and
always evince a prejudice against the letter r. It is interesting to observe that
in England the Teutonic mode of compounding names differs from the Celtic,
in the same way as in India the Hindi from the Urdii : for while tlie Celts
spoke of Strath Clyde and Abertay, the Teutons preferred Clydesdale and
The number of sacred woods and lakes in Braj accounts for the termi-
nations Ian and ktmd, which probably are not often met elsewhere. Examples
of the former are Kot-ban, Bliadra-ban, Brinda-ban, Loins-baa and Maha-ban ;
and of the latter., B;idha-kund and Madlmri-kuud. The only name in this Iisty
£bout which any donbt can be felt as to the exact derivation, is Lolia-ban. It is
said to commemorate Krishna's victory over a demon called Lolia-jangfcs, i ^
Iron-leg; and at the annual festival, offerings of (iron' are made by the
pilgrims. In the ordinary authorities for Krishna's life and adventures I
certainly find no mention of any Loha-jangha, and as "we shall see when we
come to speak of the village Bandij local customs are often based simply on an.
accidental coincidence of name, and prove nothing but the prevalent ignorance
as to the true principles of philology. Bat in the Vrihat-kathtt, written by
Somadeva in the reign of Harsha Bevsu kin^ of Kashmir, A. 1). 1Q5U-1Q71,
is a story of Loha-jangha, a Brahman of Mathuru, who was miraculously con-
veyed to Lanka: whence it may be inferred that at all events in the llth
century Loha-janglia, after whom the young Brahman was named by the
romancer, was recognized as a local power; and thus, though we need not sup-
pose that any such monster ever existed, Loha-ban does in all probability derive
Its name from him.
The few local affixes that yet remala require no lengthened notice; of
garhj or garhiy there are as many a^ twenty instances3 riz.t INilkanth-garlii, a
settlement of Jaesvar Thaknrs ; Sh«*r-garh, a fortress commanding the Jamtmrn,
built in the reign of Sher Shall; Ghftinar-garhi, a colony of the factions Gujmr
tribe; Ahvaran-garhi; Ohinti-garM and BustaiB-garM, fo«uid«d by Gahloi !!Mlcnrs
in the reign" of Aurangzeb; Badan-garh^ commemorallng IMkur Badaa Sinli,